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Influence of surface active solute on ultrasonic waveform distortion in liquid containing air bubbles

Tuziuti, T, Yasui, K, Lee, J, Kozuka, T, Towata, A and Lida, Y (2009) Influence of surface active solute on ultrasonic waveform distortion in liquid containing air bubbles Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 113 (31). pp. 8893-8900.

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The influence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) on waveform distortion of 141 kHz ultrasonic standing waves in liquids containing air bubbles was investigated for various transducer powers. Fast Fourier transform (FFT) operations were performed on the pressure waveform to obtain the harmonic components. In addition, the intensity of sonoluminescence (SL) was measured as a function of the power. Waveform distortion was observed for water at high applied power, with the curve exhibiting a steeper gradient for positive pressures and a broadened minimum for negative pressures. This was in reasonable agreement with theoretical studies reported in the literature. Much less distortion was found for a 1 mM SDS solution as the applied power was increased than for water or a 10 mM SDS solution. This may be attributed to a lower population of large coalesced bubbles in the 1 mM solution due to electrostatic repulsion, leading to damping of the sound energy and little cavitation noise because of viscous resistance to bubble radial motion in addition to adsorption and desorption of surfactant molecules at the bubble-liquid interface. For 10 mM SDS, the power threshold for the harmonic components was lower than that for the SL. In this case, it appears that there is a range of applied powers where most bubbles are stable and cannot collapse. The influence of the addition of an electrolyte and a nonionic surfactant was also investigated.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Chemical and Process Engineering
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Chemical and Process Engineering
Authors :
Tuziuti, T
Yasui, K
Kozuka, T
Towata, A
Lida, Y
Date : 6 August 2009
DOI : 10.1021/jp901898p
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2009 American Chemical Society.
Additional Information : Item not available from this repository.
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 15 Aug 2016 13:41
Last Modified : 31 Jul 2020 10:26

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