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Proactive personality, social capital, helping, and turnover intentions

Yang, J, Gong, Y and Huo, Y (2011) Proactive personality, social capital, helping, and turnover intentions Journal of Managerial Psychology, 26 (8). pp. 739-760.

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Abstract Purpose – Proactive personality is believed to relate to greater interpersonal helping and lower turnover intentions. Accrued social capital should play a mediating role in this relationship. This paper seeks to address these issues. Design/methodology/approach – The authors used structural equation modeling to analyze the longitudinal data collected from 174 individuals at three points in time. Two dimensions of social capital, i.e. the resource dimension as indicated by information exchange and the relational dimension as indicated by trust relationships were specified. Findings – After controlling for the Big Five personality dispositions, information exchange and then trust relationships sequentially mediated the relationship of proactive personality with helping and turnover intentions. Research limitations/implications – The research highlights the importance of understanding proactive personality through the social capital perspective. Multiple source data collection method is recommended for further validation of the results. Practical implications – The research highlights the importance of recruiting individuals high on proactivity, and the importance of further developing and motivating these individuals by cultivating meaningful interactions and nurturing trustful relationships at work. Then, proactive employees would be more likely to engage in helping behavior and to stay with the company. Originality/value – The paper takes the social capital approach in examining the outcomes of proactive personality. It reveals that resource- and relation-related social capital constructs mediate, in sequence, the relationships of proactive personality with outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Management
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Surrey Business School
Authors :
Yang, J
Gong, Y
Huo, Y
Date : November 2011
DOI : 10.1108/02683941111181806
Copyright Disclaimer : © Emerald Group Publishing Limited. This accepted article is © Emerald Group Publishing and permission has been granted for this version to appear here. Emerald does not grant permission for this article to be further copied/distributed or hosted elsewhere without the express permission from Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Proactive personality, Social capital, Helping behaviour, Turnover intentions, Personality, Employee turnover, Individual behaviour
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 02 Dec 2016 15:07
Last Modified : 05 Oct 2017 12:47

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