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Microstructure of Portland cement pastes containing metal nitrate salts

Ouki, SK and Hills, CD (2002) Microstructure of Portland cement pastes containing metal nitrate salts Waste Management, 22 (2). pp. 147-151.

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In recent years, Backscattered Scanning Electron microscopy techniques (BSE), coupled with an image analysis system have been recognised as a powerful tool for quantitative analysis. This paper investigates the effect of metal additions (Ba, Cu, Ni, Zn, Cr(III), Pb and Cd) to Portland cement to produce a solidified product which meets the durability criteria quantified by the ratio of hydrated products and porosity. In addition, other indicators of the progress of cement hydration such as the bulk density and evaporable water of the solidified products were also measured. Metal concentrations of 0.1 and 1% per weight of cement at a constant water/cement ratio of 0.4 were examined. The same measurements were conducted on control samples of different water/cement ratio. The results have shown that the control samples at different W/C ratio showed consistent trend in residual cement porosity, density and evaporable water content. It also showed that low dosage of metal nitrate additions can reduce cement hydration by up to 50% and at the same time reduce the observable porosity. Overall, this work has shown that Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and image analysis are powerful tools and could be used to quantify the observable porosity and cement hydration in solidified systems.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors :
Hills, CD
Date : 1 May 2002
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 12:34
Last Modified : 24 Jan 2020 22:29

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