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How collective is collective efficacy? The importance of consensus in judgments about community cohesion and willingness to intervene

Brunton-Smith, Ian, Sturgis, Patrick and Leckie, George (2018) How collective is collective efficacy? The importance of consensus in judgments about community cohesion and willingness to intervene Criminology, 56 (3). pp. 608-637.

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Existing studies have generally measured collective efficacy by combining survey respondents’ ratings of their local area into an overall summary for each neighborhood. Naturally, this results in a substantive focus on the variation in average levels of collective efficacy between neighborhoods. In this paper, we focus on the variation in consensus of collective efficacy judgments. To account for differential consensus amongst neighborhoods, we use a mixed-effects location scale model, with variability in the consensus of judgments treated as an additional neighborhood-level random effect. Our results show that neighborhoods in London differ, not just in their average levels of collective efficacy, but also in the extent to which residents agree with one another in their assessments. In accord with findings for US cities, our results show consensus in collective efficacy assessments is affected by the ethnic composition of neighborhoods. Additionally, we show that heterogeneity in collective efficacy assessments is consequential, with higher levels of criminal victimization, worry about crime, and risk avoidance behavior in areas where collective efficacy consensus is low.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Department of Sociology
Authors :
Sturgis, Patrick
Leckie, George
Date : 18 May 2018
DOI : 10.1111/1745-9125.12180
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2018 The Authors. Criminology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American Society of Criminology. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Collective efficacy; Mixed-effects location scale model; Neighborhood effects; Multilevel model; Consensus effects
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 20 Mar 2018 16:05
Last Modified : 26 Oct 2018 11:03

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